Scientists at John Hopkins University in Baltimore have developed a new and easy test kit to detect hard-to-diagnose head and neck cancers. This is a wonderful New Year gift for people who are affected by cancers of the mouth, nose, throat, ear and eye which are hard to diagnose and treat. The results of the research were published in the journal Cancer Clinical Research.

Highlights of the new test
a. This is basically a 'gargle and spit' test.
b. This kit detects signs of cancer in cells from the inside of a person's cheeks.
c. It is almost 80 per cent accurate.
d. It is still being developed in the US.
e. It is easy to conduct, painless and cheap.

Highlights of the study
a. Researchers studied the genetics of cancer sufferers and healthy people.
b. Volunteers had to gargle with a salty mouthwash, which removes cells from the insides of their cheeks.
c. The researchers then studied the DNA inside the cells.
d. This revealed the differences between the cancer sufferers and the healthy people.
e. In this test 7 genes proved to be very important.
f. Testing for these genes showed that cancer cells was absent in 203 of 248 healthy volunteers.
g. Accuracy rate was 82 per cent.
h. This test also diagnosed the cancer in 43 per cent of sufferers.