Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) has been facing controversy for a long time now. There has been confusing reports about its beneficial and adverse effects and this has led to major confusion among women. Now, a new study conducted by the Million Women study and sponsored by Cancer Research UK has concluded that HRT can increase the risk of ovarian cancer in women.

Study Findings
a. It was found that HRT caused 1,300 extra cases of ovarian cancer between 1991 and 2005.
b. Out of this figure, 1,000 women died due to ovarian cancer.
c. It was also found that HRT increases the risk of this disease by 20 per cent for women have been on HRT for at least five years.
d. The risk goes down if HRT is discontinued.
e. This study collected data for 7 years from 948,576 postmenopausal women.
f. About a third of the participants were on HRT and a fifth of them received it in the past.
g. None of the participants had cancer.
h. During the following 7 years, 2,273 women developed ovarian cancer.
i. During the same period, 1,591 died from it.

Benefits of HRT
a. It is used to treat menopause symptoms, like hot flushes, vaginal dryness and night sweats.
b. The treatment comes in the form of tablets, implants and patches.
c. The two main types of HRT are hormone oestrogen alone and oestrogen with progestogen.